LOGICAL FALLACIES are arguments that look rational but aren't. The following is a list of some common INFORMAL fallacies, and the only ones I'll make you responsible for knowing.
Remember: there is power in knowing both how to persuade others AND how others are trying to persuade you; get to know these techniques and you will better able to keep from being deceived.
Begging the Question
Post Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc (After This, Therefore Because of This)
Stacking the Deck
Appeal to Ignorance
Non Sequitur (It Does Not Follow)